Reality Orientation vs. Validation Therapy

Over the next few days, this will be my topic of discussion as it was a topic discussed during my last training seminar with Addus. Not much was actually said on the topic during training, so I have done some research so that other caregivers will get a better understanding of what both are.

Let’s start with Reality Orientation, shall we? Reality Orientation, or RO, is defined by enclyclopedia.com as a general philosophy of inpatient treatment that will help to reduce confusion in geriatric patients. They believe that the confusion elders experience comes from several sources:

  1. The elder individual is understimulated
  2. Caregivers are not insisting or expecting that their client perform normal behaviors, but do everything for them.
  3. Caregivers are not reinforcing desired behaviors when they are performed

(Source is Taulbee and Folsom; Folsom, 1968).

What this is proving is that when your client is mentally stimulated, has proper social interaction and that behavioral adjustments are adhered to, there will most likely be less confusion. If the individual is left to their own means, they forget and actions must be relearned.

Tomorrow, I will focus on how to treat with reality orientation. Once all of these ideas are presented, it is my hope that it will help other caregivers to better themselves and to adopt my mission of With Age Comes Respect.

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About melissalstoneburner

Melissa is the proud mother of two boys. She also like to take care of all of her elderly clients as though they were her actual flesh and blood, too. Melissa began her elderly care business, Time to Care, in August, 2012. Since then, she has successfully seen several clients through life and onto the next life. She writes about what she knows, what she doesn't know, and reveals all the research in between. She believes that elderly care is the best thing she has ever done in life; second only to being a mother!
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