According to the website http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Reality_Orientation.aspx, an individual’s source of confusion when they have Dementia can be caused by a variety of condition. Perhaps the individual has had a stroke or was previously diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder.
Reality Orientation (RO) has been used most commonly with patients with Dementia. Even so, it has not been proven if RO has been a benefit for people diagnosed with Dementia although some experts believe it does help to build competency; helping those with Dementia to be able to relearn information that they may have long forgotten.
When RO proves successful, the individual may have fewer feelings of helplessness. The feelings of competence, however, are based on the use of activities that are achievable – things that they feel confident doing at that point in time. Sometimes what is achievable one day may be unachievable the following day. Targets may have to be set and reset as deemed appropriate. Caregivers must realize this and implement only the techniques that will positively impact their client’s life.
A caregiver’s response to their client’s well-being can also be of impact. A caregiver must pay attention to their own body language, tone of voice and facial expressions for they may affect their client. The caregiver should also be alert to their client’s body language, verbal and nonverbal expressions for they could tell just as much.
Depending on how good the caregiver is will depend on whether or not they believe that With Age Comes Respect.