Bone density, joint pain and muscle aches are all effects of our age. Our skeletal systems help to add structure to bodies. Joints help bones keep uniform and flexible; being able to move but not come into direct contact with one another. Muscles help to strengthen bodies. When a person’s mind also changes, coordination is affected as well. Also, according to the website http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/004015.htm, changes in the muscles, joints, and bones affect the posture and gait, and lead to weakness and slowed movement.
Many bones are affected by age; from out vertebrae, our trunk, foot arches, and the long bones of the arms and legs, age affects them all. When the joints stiffen, they become less flexible. This is because the fluid in the joints decrease, thus bones rub together and tend to erode. This is especially true when it comes to hips and knees. Finger joints, especially in women, can also be affected. Thankfully, ankles are least affected by age.
Also, according to the website, Lipofuscin (an age-related pigment) and fat are deposited in muscle tissue. The muscle fibers shrink. Muscle tissue is replaced more slowly, and lost muscle tissue may be replaced with a tough fibrous tissue. This is most noticeable in the hands, which may appear thin and bony.
Changes in the muscle tissue, combined with normal aging changes in the nervous system, cause muscles to have less tone and ability to contract. Muscles may become rigid with age and may lose tone, even with regular exercise.
Knowing this, as a caretaker, will help us keep our clients as healthy as possible. Knowing as much as possible helps us show that With Age Comes Respect!