According to the website (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000360.htm) published by the NIH (National Institute for Health), the following treatments for Osteoporosis could involve the following:
- Lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise
- Taking calcium and vitamin D
- Using medicines
Medicines are used to strengthen bones when:
- Osteoporosis has been diagnosed by a bone density study, whether or not you have a fracture.
- A bone fracture has occurred and a bone density test shows that you have thin bones, but not osteoporosis.
Medicines used to treat osteoporosis include:
- Bisphosphonates (the main drugs used to prevent and treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women)
- Estrogens, teriparatide, raloxifene, and calcitonin
Exercise plays a key role in preserving bone density in older adults. Some of the exercises recommended to reduce your chance of a fracture include:
- Weight-bearing exercises — walking, jogging, playing tennis, dancing
- Free weights, weight machines, stretch bands
- Balance exercises — tai chi, yoga
- Rowing machines
Avoid any exercise that presents a risk of falling. Also, do not do high-impact exercises that can cause fractures in older adults.
Your body needs calcium and vitamin D to keep your bones strong. Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium.
- Adults under age 50 should have 1,000 mg of calcium and 400 – 800 IU of vitamin D daily.
- Women ages 51 to 70 should have 1,200 mg of calcium and 400 – 800 IU of vitamin D a day; men ages 51 to 70 need 1,000 mg of calcium and 400 – 800 IU of vitamin D a day.
- Adults over age 70 should get 1,200 mg of calcium and 800 IU of vitamin D daily.
- Your doctor may recommend a calcium supplement.
- Follow a diet that provides the proper amount of calcium and vitamin D.
Surgery to treat severe, disabling pain from spinal fractures due to osteoporosis include:
If you follow all of this advice put forth by the NIH, you will not only display that you realize that With Age Comes Respect, but you will also be helping them to live healthier and hopefully with a bit less pain!