CBD is the acronym for a progressive neurological disorder scientifically named Corticobasal Degeneration. This disorder is characterized by nerve-cell loss and shrinkage, what is also known as atrophy, of specific areas of the brain. This includes the cerebral cortex and the basal ganglia.
Corticobasal Degeneration tends to gradually progress. Early symptoms onset at around age 60. In the initial phases, one side of your client’s body will be affected more than the other side but as the disease progresses, both sides of the body will become impaired.
If your client has CBD, you may see that they have difficulty using one of their hands or the other. Another sign could potentially be that their hand or hands may develop an abnormal position about them.
Your client may also present with memory loss. They may have trouble with simple, familiar, focused movements; tasks like teeth brushing. This symptom is termed apraxia. They may also develop involuntary muscular jerks, myoclonus and/or involuntary muscle contractions called dystonia.
Other signs and symptoms may be the following:
- Alien limb. This is where your client feels as though their limb is being controlled by a force other than itself.
- Muscle rigidity or the resistance to imposed movement.
- Postural instability.
- Dysphagia or difficulty swallowing.
- Visual-spatial problems. This symptom makes it difficult to interpret visual information; the distance between objects.
Just so you realize, there is no cure for CBD. If your client has it, they have it.
There are some supportive therapies available that may reduce the burden of some of the symptoms. NINDS gives the following examples: Botulinum toxin can help control muscle contractions. Speech therapy and physical therapy may help one learn how to cope with daily activities.
When you know that your client has CBD, all you can basically do is to care and to show that With Age Comes Respect!