In medical terms, vascular relates to our blood vessels, thus Vascular Dementia and Vascular Cognitive Impairment, or VCI, have to do with the impairment or injuries to blood vessels. When injuries of this sort do occur, blood does not get to the brain like it should. Because of this brain damage occurs.
The damage could be from the fact that your client may have had multiple strokes or other injuries that affect the small vessels that carry blood to the brain. The Dementia is just a result. This risk becomes significant – even if the strokes or injuries are small in nature.
According to NINDS, ‘Vascular dementia and VCI arise as a result of risk factors that similarly increase the risk for cerebrovascular disease (stroke), including atrial fibrillation, hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol. Vascular dementia also has been associated with a condition called amyloid angiopathy, in which amyloid plaques accumulate in the blood-vessel walls, causing them to break down and rupture. Symptoms of vascular dementia and VCI can begin suddenly and progress or subside during one’s lifetime.’
If your client has VD or VCI, it will be apparent. It will take quite a bit to take care of them as they will have many issues that accompany or are the result of the one issue. You will definitely have your hands full with cooking the proper foods and ensuring that they take their meds correctly and on time. But, as you are well aware as a caregiver, you gladly take up the responsibilities because you wholeheartedly believe that With Age Comes Respect.