Again, if your client suffers from this common type of Dementia, they have most likely suffered from several small strokes. The strokes cause damage to your client’s brain cells.
As is typical with strokes, one side of the body may be affected more than the other side thus the symptoms can vary from client to client. The sides may also be disproportionally affected thus language skills or other bodily functions may or may not be affected.
When there is disproportionate effects, doctors may use the terminology “local” or “focal” when describing the symptoms. In other Dementia cases they may call the symptoms “global” like when they are speaking of a client that has Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
Again, the “local” symptoms affect a specific area where “global” symptoms tend to affect several functions and both sides of the client’s body the same.
However, if the stroke occurs simultaneously on both sides of the brain, Dementia is much more likely to occur than the possibility of Dementia when a stroke only affects one side of the brain. A single stroke may cause Dementia, but the likelihood is greater when your client suffers from several strokes.
A single stroke is termed Single-Infarct Dementia and is more likely when it affects the left side of the client’s brain; the speech-center. It is also more likely when it affect the front center of the brain where the hippocampus is located. The hippocampus is responsible for our memories!
As was said before, Multi-Infarct Dementia is common. Treat your clients with apathy for With Age Comes Respect!